Global warming seems to have infected the lungs of the world; wildfires continue to threaten South America, the Amazon, and more specifically, the rainforests in Brazil. (Photo: Pixabay)

Countries on fire: the outbreak continues

Today, all countries in the world are struggling with deaths due to the Covid-19 outbreak. There are fires burning in many countries, but it’s due to the outbreak. The number of cases has reached almost 40 million. The number of deaths has already exceeded 1 million. North and South America constantly make the news. Brazil ranks second after the USA in terms of deaths. We cannot exactly predict how much longer the burn of this outbreak will last. However, the fever of the world has been rising for a long time as global warming affects different parts of the world…

About 22,000 years ago, the last glacial period was at its peak, in Europe, vast geography, covering Scandinavia, northern Germany, Denmark, Poland, as well as much of the UK, was covered by miles of ice. Climate conditions forced many species to search for more favorable geographical locations for living, called “refugia”. The Iberian peninsula, Italy, the Balkans, Thrace, and Anatolia were places containing refugia that allowed these species to survive in difficult times.

Most animal species in Europe disappeared approximately 22,000 years ago. Those who were able to migrate to the glacial refugia saved their lives, but those who failed…

Green Turaco, Birds of Eden Park, RSA (source: wikimediacommons)

Turaco is an enigmatic bird group and is endemic to sub-Saharan Africa. Therefore, it is a very important bird group to study in terms of biogeographic and evolutionary results.

Our turaco phylogeny, which we published after a 10-year continuous study, revealed extraordinary patterns related to African biogeography. Turacos classified within the family Musophagidae, which is a big family included Go-away Birds, Great Blue Turaco, and all of them endemic to sub-Saharan Africa. This group is a highly sedentary bird group, and so they show genetically unique geographic patterns in their distribution range. …

The World Health Organization (WHO) released a “Disease-X ” warning some time ago. Disease-X: The name sounds like it’s come straight out horror scenarios in sci-fi movies but it’s real. It’s classified within the same category as other respiratory diseases such as Crimean Congo hemorrhagic fever disease, Ebola, MERS, and SARS. According to the WHO, the coronavirus is a previously-unknown disease that can develop into a major epidemic in the future.

Scientists guessed that the diseases that threaten the world today would pose a threat to humankind in the future. But they could not predict their origins and how they…

An introduction to biogeography

World Map Biodiversity of Plants
World Map Biodiversity of Plants
World Map Biodiversity of Plants

About 22,000 years ago, the last glacial period was at its peak, in Europe, vast geography, covering Scandinavia, northern Germany, Denmark, Poland, as well as much of the UK, was covered by miles of ice. Climate conditions forced many species to search for more favorable geographical locations for living, called “refugia”. The Iberian peninsula, Italy, the Balkans, Thrace, and Anatolia were places containing refugia that allowed these species to survive in difficult times.

Most animal species in Europe disappeared approximately 22,000 years ago. Those who were able to migrate to the glacial refugia saved their lives…

Utku Perktas

I am an ornithologist and evolutionary biologist with practical and theoretical experience ranging from museum based studies to molecular genetics.

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